How Do Airsoft Gun Tournaments Work

By Jason Bacot

Airsoft guns are replicas of real firearms. There are airsoft shotguns, rifles, and pistols. They shoot plastic pellets using a spring-driven piston that’s usually operated by an electric motor. Velocities can get up to 650 feet per second, though many air gun tournaments require players to use lower-velocity guns.

There’s no one single set of airsoft tournament rules the way there are rules for team games like basketball. With airsoft, rules vary by group, but there are some commonalities that every beginner should familiarize himself or herself with. For one thing, safety rules are non-negotiable. You will have to wear protective, full-length clothing and eye protection. Pellets hurt when they hit, and yes, they can “put an eye out.”

In many places, the weapons have to have bright orange tips to distinguish them from their real counterpart weapons. Nobody is allowed to have metal BBs, because they pierce the skin, and with many games, the velocity of the gun must be under 400 feet per second.

Another commonality among airsoft games is the honor system. If you are hit, you’re “out” and you’re eliminated from play until the next round, unless the specific games of your tournament specify otherwise. The teams should be fairly well-balanced, and they should be easy to distinguish from one another, perhaps with different colored vests or jerseys. One-hit kills are typical, meaning that any bodily contact with a BB is considered a kill.

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The games rely on each player’s honesty, because the player is the only one who truly knows whether they’ve been hit or not. Once you’re hit, you shout, “Out!” and exit the field so that other players won’t hit you when you’re “dead.” Once you’re out, you have to keep quiet and you aren’t allowed to give any visual or other kind of hints to your teammates about enemy strategy or location.

Tournaments do not have time-outs, and sides do not take hostages. The boundaries of play must be clearly laid out for everyone, and no-fire zones must be made known to all.

The “tighter,” faster paced version of airsoft games is the Close Quarters Battle, or CQB. These take place in smaller areas, and weapons must have a maximum velocity of 350 feet per second for safety. In CQBs, there is minimal cover, so the game is fast, adrenaline-fueled, and exciting.

Field games give players more cover and more room to spread out. Maximum velocities are often 400 feet per second or more. In these games, airsoft sniper rifles, and other rifles like M16s and M4s are used. These are more strategic and slow-paced than CQBs.

In military simulations, teams may remain on the field for days, only returning to safety zones for medical emergencies. An event in Sweden called BERGET lasts for six days with no breaks! Some large-scale military simulation operations even use vehicles like trucks and vans.

But the purpose of all airsoft gun tournaments is to give participants a chance to strategize, develop teamwork, exercise, and have fun.

About the Author: Jason Bacot – Are you looking to get your hands on a few powerful tournament type

Airsoft Guns

for your team, or maybe just one

Airsoft Gun

for yourself, then look no further and check out “Toykin” online as soon as possible.


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Restrictions imposed in China textile trade with U.S.

Restrictions imposed in China textile trade with U.S.

Saturday, May 21, 2005

In an effort to ease complaints by the U.S. and Europe about a heavy influx of low priced Chinese goods, China will raise export tariffs on 74 categories of textile products in June. This follows plans from the U.S. to impose quotas on Chinese textiles and clothing.

Products likely to see an increase from the Chinese move include synthetic fiber shirts, trousers, knit shirts and blouses, cotton shirts, and combined cotton yarn. Last week, similar restrictions were imposed by the U.S. on cotton trousers, knit shirts, and underwear. Currently, a 2.5 cent charge per item is imposed; the new tariff will raise this to the equivalent of 12 cents per piece now. While this is a fourfold increase, it is not expected to affect consumer prices. Because of this, some doubt the tariff will have any effect on correcting the trade imbalance.

This move is in response to U.S. trade quotas imposed due to concerns that increased Chinese goods would put U.S. textile manufacturers out of business. According to Auggie Tantillo, executive director of the American Manufacturing Trade Action Coalition, a textile industry group in the U.S., the move will preserve 10,000 U.S. jobs. The new U.S. trade quota will limit the growth of Chinese textile imports to 7.5 percent compared with shipments over the past year.

Prior to January 1, a global quota system helped regulate the trade. With the quota system gone, fears have arisen that a flood of Chinese goods could undercut U.S. competitiveness in the market. China is able to market its goods cheaply due to an artificially weak yuan. The U.S. Treasury criticized the China yuan policy as “highly distortionary”, posing a major risk to China’s economy itself and to global economic growth. They challenged China to revalue its currency to bring it to a level they believe will allow fairer competition between global manufacturers.

China has disputed the charges of the U.S. Treasury. Chinese Commerce Minister Bo Xilai said, “I believe they are not reasonable”.

Laura Jones, a representative of large retailers, also criticized the move, saying “These restrictions on imports from China will do absolutely nothing to help the U.S. textile industry — and the government knows it.”

China has seen a boom in economic growth in recent years due to growing trade surpluses with the West, but economists worry that the trade gap will cause longer term global economic problems. China’s textile and apparel exports are the most noteworthy example, with exports up over 1,000 percent in some categories this year and the rapid loss of marketshare and jobs by U.S. textile manufacturers.

Beginning in 1978, the Chinese economy has been transforming from a Soviet-style centrally planned economy to more of a free market style system, under the rigid political control of Communist Party of China.

To this end, the government has leveraged foreign trade to stimulate economic growth. The result has been a fourfold increase in GDP, making China the sixth largest economy in the world. By 2012 the People’s Republic of China may have the highest GDP in the world.

According to U.S. statistics, from 1999 to 2004 China’s trade surplus with the U.S. doubled to $170 billion. Wal-Mart is China’s seventh largest export partner, just ahead of the United Kingdom.

However, the gains from their “socialist market economy” have not been without problems. The Chinese leadership has often experienced the worst results of socialism and capitalism: bureaucracy, lassitude, corruption, and inflation. Inflation rates have been an on-going challenge, reaching as high as 17% in 1995.

Environmental deterioration is a longer-term threat to economic growth. In 1998, the World Health Organization reported that China had seven of the 10 most-polluted cities on Earth. Another concern among some economists is that China’s economy is over-heating, and due to its global economic expansion this could have major repercussions among other nations.

Typically, wages have been low and working conditions poor, with workers living in restrictive dormitories and working at boring factory jobs. However, recent labor shortages have started improving conditions, and raising the minimum wage towards the equivalent of 100-150 US dollars per month. The labor shortages are in part a result of a demographic trend caused by strict family planning.

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Dog Training Collar Assistive Information About Dog Training Equipment}

Dog Training Collar- Assistive Information About Dog Training Equipment


deepak kulkarni

If you are searching for information related to a dog training collar or any other such as dog types, training collars for dogs, dog agility training centers or search and rescue dog training you have come to the right article. This piece will provide you with not just general dog training collar information but also specific and helpful information. Enjoy it.

Common types of dog collars are choking collars, electronic collars, no-bark collars and harnesses. Dog training collars are different from the regular day collar because they help you discipline your dog when needed. For example, choke collars are used by gently tugging on your dog to keep it from misbehaving.

To be able to conduct your own dog obedience training, you must know a few things. These are essential to the success of your dog training. Without these, the training may not be as effective as it could be. Ask any expert dog trainer and they will probably agree with this list.

Dog training careers are not just about training dogs. It is also about training people, specifically the dog keepers- to train their dogs. Dog training career also offers attractive side incomes. Writing books and articles, holding seminars, judging shows are all ways to augment your income.

Don’t forget that you are only a step away from getting more information about a dog training collar or such related information by searching the search engines online Google Dot Com alone can give you more than enough results when you search for a dog training collar.

Teaching your dog to fetch is a great way to burn off some of the energy that your dog might have. It is a simple game, and probably the most well known of all dog games, but does require a bit of training for the dog to get right. If used properly then you can extend the length of the walk by getting your dog to run all over the place. However, if your dog isn’t trained to fetch you will find yourself spending more time looking for the ball then giving the dog exercise.

Training should begin from the first day that your dog enters your home, and will continue until your pet understands all of the rules of the house and abides by them consistently. Training will also have to be maintained consistently at home for your dog to retain everything learned in their training program. If you how ever are training an aggressive dog it is important to know that it requires a lot of patience and effort from you. Training can increase responses that are desirable, just as those that are undesirable can be decreased.

Do not let your dog ignore you always enforce a given command and do not say anything that you are not prepared to enforce. Training is not about giving commands and pushing a dog to work hard instead of enjoy life, it is quite the opposite. In fact, training is a program that involves both the dog and the owner and teaches them to efficiently communicate with each other. It is important to remember that training is a continuous process. Usually a video is the best way to learn and teach your dog to behave properly. Respect breeding starts first with sit and come training.

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Dog Training Collar- Assistive Information About Dog Training Equipment


Search-and-rescue dog that found 9/11 survivor to be cloned

Search-and-rescue dog that found 9/11 survivor to be cloned

Thursday, July 3, 2008

A German shepherd who recovered the last survivor of the September 11, 2001 attacks is to be cloned. His owner, James Symington, a former police officer from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada entered an essay writing contest about why his dog should be cloned.

Trakr, the 15 year old German shepherd suffering from degenerative neurological disorder, was the subject of a contest-winning essay about why Trakr should be cloned that was written by Symington. Trakr and Symington received Humanitarian Service Awards from Jane Goodall for their heroics at Ground Zero. Symington is now an actor of film and television, sometimes credited as Peter James.

BioArts International sponsored the essay-writing contest. Five more dogs are to be cloned by its Best Friends Again program. While Trakr will receive free replication, the other dogs will have to participate in an auction with a starting bid of US$100,000.

BioArts is going to send the DNA of the 6 dogs to Sooam Biotech Research Foundation in Seoul, South Korea. A Sooam researcher said that the dog should be born in November.

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Navy helping New Orleans pets

Navy helping New Orleans pets

Saturday, September 17, 2005

The Spanish word “tortuga” means “turtle.” But in the wake of the New Orleans disaster, the USS Tortuga is helping other animals.

For nearly two weeks now, sailors from Tortuga’s repair division have devoted much of their time during this disaster relief operation to ensure the health and comfort of displaced pets.

September 4th, just after the ship moored to a pier at Naval Support Activity (NSA) New Orleans, HT1(SW) Mark Hanley and DC1(SW) Antony Graves gathered materials from the repair shop on board to construct a kennel along the levee. The facility they made soon became a popular shelter for the homeless animals of the storm.

Tortuga’s search and rescue team brought aboard more than 170 displaced citizens during this past week, providing them with food, water, medical aid and a place to sleep.

Tortuga’s makeshift kennel, named ‘Camp Milo & Otis,’ has housed as many as 90 dogs, eight cats, one rabbit, one guinea pig, a pair of parakeets and a flightless pigeon during the past week of operation.

Currently, there are 14 dogs that remain in Tortuga’s care, as many of the other pets have been taken to animal shelters in the area for extra medical attention, or been claimed by their owners upon arrival to Tortuga. The pets that Tortuga has registered have all been in the hands of professional veterinarians assigned to provide expert medical attention to the members of Camp Milo & Otis.

Dr. Kelly Crowdis and Dr. Latina Gambles, both from Tuskegee University and Christian Veterinary Missions, have treated many of the pets for infection, dehydration, malnourishment and broken bones at the Camp during the past week.

“The animals were bathed and assessed before physical interaction with the sailors,” said Dr. Crowdis. “They’ve been given immunizations, antibiotics and medications based on their medical needs.”

Dr. Crowdis added, “What these sailors have done on their own has been such a heart-warming thing. As an animal lover, it is so comforting to know that everyone cares about the animals in addition to the human lives rescued from the storm. I’m very pleased with these guys for taking the initiative to construct this kennel.”

Graves, Hanley and other members of their division have consistently bathed, fed, walked and given special attention to every dog, every day.

“We play with them,” said Hanley. “We take them out of their kennels to give them attention every day. And we’ll continue to do that for as long as our ship’s mission keeps us here.”

September 11th, the Agricultural Center at Louisiana State University donated supplies to “Camp Milo & Otis” in support of Tortuga’s efforts to help the animal victims.

”We got medical supplies, bowls, food, cages, leashes, collars, toys, cat litter and cleaning supplies from these people yesterday,” said Graves. “It’s nice to know that so many people out there have heard about what our ship is doing, and responded by donating so much to support us the best they can.”

A photo gallery of unclaimed pets is on the USS Tortuga’s web site.

As part of disaster plans, the Department of Homeland Security has also deployed Veterinary Medical Assistance Teams to provide medical care to pets and livestock, as well as provide any needed veterinary medical care for search and rescue dogs.

There are over 3,850 animals being sheltered around the state. If someone is looking for a pet they should contact their nearest Humane Society or go online to . More information is also available at

Posted on June 13th, 2017 by oY55iZ

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Woman killed in shark attack at Amity Point, Australia

Woman killed in shark attack at Amity Point, Australia

Sunday, January 8, 2006Original Reporting

A woman in Australia has been killed in a shark attack. The attack occurred at 5pm (Local Time) just off Amity Point, North Stradbroke Island, south-east of Brisbane.

The woman, described as 21, had lost both arms up to the elbow and sustained severe wounds to her torso and legs. She was carried to shore by friends and was then flown by rescue helicopter to the Princess Alexandra Hospital in Brisbane. Surgeons were unable to save her.

The woman was holidaying from Brisbane with a church camp and attempts to contact her family have been made.

Emergency Services Rescue Helicopter crew officer Rod Morgan said the woman had suffered massive blood loss.

“She was very pale” he said, “We were diverted right away and were able to be on the scene within minutes and were able to have the patient at hospital within an hour of the attack.”

“She had life threatening injuries she had lost significant amounts of blood and the patient had what we would call an altered level of consciousness where it wasn’t able to communicate directly with the patient” said Queensland Ambulance paramedic Lachlan Parker.

There were many witnesses at the scene and they are now being interviewed by Police at Amity Point. They are described as being distraught.

One witness, who asks to not be identified, described that the victim was swimming in the sea with her Border Collie. When the attack happened, the dog ran home to raise the alarm.

“I was across the road from where she was staying and I saw the dog come flying up the road all wet and shivering and whimpering,” she said, “Then a little boy came running up and said the girl had lost her leg and her arm and everyone ran out of the house towards the beach. It was just a little black-and-white dog but he was crazy so I locked him under the house.”

Other reports claim that the woman had been scuba diving in murky shallow water approximately 15 metres from the shore.

The woman is believed to be from McDowall in Brisbane, but her name has not yet been released.

A resident of Amity Point for 20 years, Brad Ross, said tourists visiting the area have been warned of potential attacks; “The shore just falls away into 30m of water and there are plenty of bull sharks out there. People know when they enter the water there they’re stepping into a shark habitat.”

Other beaches on the island are protected by drum lines.

Queensland state police inspector Peter Harding believes from the severity of the woman’s injuries that she was attacked by a group of bull sharks, a species known for aggressive behavior this time of year. Water police will search for the sharks today and as a result, beaches on the east and west of Amity Point have been closed.

This is the first attack in the area since August 1972.

Local wisdom cautions against allowing dogs in the water at swimming beaches, because of a fear that they attract sharks, perhaps because of residue accumulated from fleas which live on the dog’s blood.

Posted on June 13th, 2017 by oY55iZ

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Bar Design Tips For Your Restaurant}

Submitted by: Romela De Leon

Your bar design says a lot about your restaurant bar. Your concept design should reflect your bars personality, brand and concept, creating a memorable impression for your guests. Even the most innovative places need a little face-lift every now and then. Here are 10 design tips that can help spruce up your bar and cater to the tastes of your target customer.

1) Develop a vision. First of all, bars must create a setting that speaks to the customer. He helps restaurateurs develop a vision of what the bar is about. Is it casual or formal? Upscale, mid-scale or budget? Who are the target customers? What kind of ambience is desired? Do the price points match the setting? The locale? Does the design and construction budget match the client’s expectations?

2) Design for functionality. “The kitchen and the bar must work together, period. Everything else follows,” he says. Can servers move easily? Do traffic patterns ease congestion for staff and customers? Can drinks be served quickly? Is the kitchen designed to professional specifications and culinary requirements? “Don’t forget — a happy chef is a good chef,” says Alexander.

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3) Maximize the vision. Think of visual cues through the use of materials, textures, color and seating and tabletop accessories such as dishes, silver and glassware. The vision must enhance the guest experience and guarantee that decorative elements work in harmony. Is there synergy between the visual elements and every aspect of the guest experience? Do design elements reflect the intended ambience and customer expectations?

4) Design to define space. Large spaces can be parceled into smaller, more intimate ones through, for example, the use of screens, booths and banquettes. Large airy spaces can benefit from grand architectural elements such as columns and visual elements like fireplaces. Mirrors can be wonderful design tools because they expand the sense of space and eliminate emptiness.

5) Capitalize on color. Color has a vast psychological influence. Used skillfully, color conveys ambiance and attitude and provides an ideal backdrop for culinary offerings. For example, spicy foods may be best enjoyed amid rich, bright colorful rooms done up in red, yellow and orange. Think definition: dramatic shades of black, gray or mauve spell sophistication while a backdrop of neutral pastels might enhance a more mainstream menu offering.

6) See the light. A favourite application of lighting is its use to dramatize focal points. A piece of artwork, an unusually textured wall or the dining tables themselves all can be illuminated for effect. Tabletops bathed in pools of light in a semi-dark room, for example, create a sense of intimate space in which the diner’s attention can focus on plate presentation.

7) Use ceilings to enhance bar design. Well-designed ceilings act as a background, pulling together the room’s lighting, colour and texture. They can define space in an otherwise open room. Ceiling height can modulate a room’s sense of openness or intimacy while elaborate ceiling design provides a rich visual experience that enhances the design theme.

About the Author: DEA Interiors Australia6 Argyle Place North, CARLTON 3053


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New Zealand’s anti-spam legislation kicks in – exclusive report

New Zealand’s anti-spam legislation kicks in – exclusive report

Wednesday, September 5, 2007

Freelance journalist, Gabriel Pollard, spoke to Joe Stewart and David Farrar about the new anti-spam legislation in New Zealand that comes into effect today. Joe Stewart is the Unit Manager of the Department of Internal Affairs new Anti-Spam Compliance Unit, and David Farrar is Chair of InternetNZ’s Public Policy Committee, who also had significant input into the final bill.

Keith Norris, CEO of the New Zealand Marketing Association, didn’t respond to multiple requests for an interview.

The anti-spam legislation, or the Unsolicited Electronic Messages Act 2007, promotes spam education and awareness and will enable international agencies to work together to share information and will enable cross-border pursuit of serious law breakers. And it doesn’t just cover e-mail spam, but all electronic messaging such as SMS/text messaging, etc.

However, New Zealand isn’t the most up-to-date country with implementing similar legislation, Farrar says, “We are in fact almost the last country in the OECD to have such legislation.” He urges Eastern Europe and China to take part in the fight against spam.

Stewart said that the new law would only help combat a small amount of spam, as 99%-99.9% of all spam received originates from overseas. He says the legislation alone will not solve the problem.

As well as it helping to fight New Zealand-sourced spam and preventing New Zealand from “becoming a haven for spammers”, it will promote good practices within the e-marketing community, Stewart said.

The new Act will affect legitimate marketers in New Zealand by making sure they have expressed or inferred consent to continue sending marketing messages to people on their database. Inferred consent is where the marketers have the e-mail address and send messages to those on their database, but didn’t get expressed consent to send messages. Stewart does issue a warning against using inferred consent saying, “They may have been sending these people messages for years, but this does not establish consent.”

A surge in emails has also been felt with companies/marketers making sure they have consent to continue the e-mails and asking those to confirm they wish to continue their subscription.

“However, many marketers are already fulfilling these requirements because they are standard good e-marketing practice,” Stewart said.

Due to legislative requirements, as well as having consent, businesses will have to provide details about the company sending the item, and provide a free way to unsubscribe from future mailings.

Those found breaking these requirements deliberately could find themselves facing a personal fine of up to NZ$200,000. Organisations could face a fine of up to $500,000. Farrar said, “Experience from Australia shows most cases are dealt with by way of education.”

Farrar also gives a final piece of advice to those annoyed with spam levels, “Never ever respond to a spam e-mail, and only give your real address out to people you trust.”

Posted on June 2nd, 2017 by oY55iZ

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GAO report says federal anti-drug Ad-campaign ineffectual

GAO report says federal anti-drug Ad-campaign ineffectual

Tuesday, August 29, 2006

The United States Government Accountability Office, an independent, nonpartisan agency that works for Congress to investigate how the federal government spends taxpayer dollars, has concluded that the $1.2 billion anti-drug advertising campaign conducted by the government since 1998 does not appear to have helped reduce drug use.

In its August 25, 2006, report entitled ONDCP Media Campaign: Contractor’s National Evaluation Did Not Find that the Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign Was Effective in Reducing Youth Drug Use, the G.A.O. states that “reports and associated documentation leads to the conclusion that… the campaign was not effective in reducing youth drug use, either during the entire period of the campaign or during the period from 2002 to 2004 when the campaign was redirected and focused on marijuana use.” It further suggests that the campaign “may have promoted perceptions among exposed youth that others’ drug use was normal.”

Making a recommendation on the spending aspects of this apparently failed program, the G.A.O. report includes the following: “Given that Westat’s evaluation stated the campaign did not reduce youth drug use nationally, Congress should consider limiting appropriations for the campaign, beginning in the 2007 fiscal year budget until ONDCP [Office of National Drug Control Policy] provides credible evidence of a media campaign approach that effectively prevents and curtails youth drug use.”

Tom Riley, spokesman for the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) says that the GAO report is “irrelevant” to his organization because it is “based on ads from 2.5 years ago, and they were effective, too,” according to a report in USA Today . “Drug use has been going down dramatically. Cutting the program now would imperil (its) progress,” according to Riley.

However, the anti-drug campaign had been criticized before. In 2003, the White House Office of Management and Budget called the campaign “non-performing” and said it had not demonstrated results.

Posted on June 2nd, 2017 by oY55iZ

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Study: Partisan political thought is predominantly unconscious and emotional

Study: Partisan political thought is predominantly unconscious and emotional

Tuesday, January 24, 2006

A recent study led by Dr. Drew Westen, a Professor of Psychology at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia has concluded that political partisans use an “almost entirely emotional and unconscious” thought process when digesting damaging information about a favored political candidate.

The experiment used fMRI scans of 30 men who self-identified as either a committed Republican or Democrat. The subjects were given a series of conflicting quotes by either President Bush or Senator Kerry, and covered such topics as the Enron scandal and the current state of Social Security. The quotes were doctored to maximize the apparent contradiction, but were presented as factual.

The results suggests that many seemingly rational political decisions are strongly influenced by unconscious emotional reactions. Such conclusions match well results from advertising psychology which say that purchases are also not as rational as people believe. Past fMRI studies have found that Democrat and Republican partisans tend to experience different emotions when shown an image of a preferred candidate.

Westen will present his results next month at a meetings of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology in Palm Springs, CA.

Posted on June 2nd, 2017 by oY55iZ

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